Dear Reader,

I was recently asked by a fellow Orthodox Brother for notes on the great “I Am” contained in Exodus 3:14. So I compiled this into one place so it is easier to read. All notes are taken from the Orthodox Study Bible.

Exodus 3:14 says:
‘Then God said to Moses, “I AM the Existing One.” He also said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: ‘The Existing One sent me to you.”

Orthodox Study note for Exodus 3:14 –
‘The name I AM the Existing One is the name for the Essence of God, which is one and undivided (Saint Athanasius the Great and Saint John of Damascus). This Essence is like a boundless sea, containing all things yet not contained by anything. The Son is eternally begotten from the Essence of the Father. When Jesus said He was the Existing One, the Jews who were listening took up stones to stone Him, for they knew this passage in Exodus (John 8:57-59). He is acknowledged as the Existing One in every Vespers service of the Church.’

John 8:57-59 says:
‘Then the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham
Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was I AM.”‘

Orthodox Study note for John 8:58 –
‘I AM (Greek. ego eimi) is the divine Name of God in the OT, first revealed to Moses at the burning bush (Exodus 3:13-15). To the Jews, this was a direct, explicit, and unmistakable claim to the perfect equality with God, as evidenced by their reaction (Verse. 59, see all Mark 14:62-64). John places special emphasis on the use of this Name to clearly reveal Christ as God. This divine claim illuminates Christ’s authority even over death (Verse. 52), a power belonging only to God the Father.’

Mark 14:62 says:
‘Jesus said, ‘I am. And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming with the clouds of Heaven.’

Orthodox Study note for Mark 14:62 –
‘I am (Greek. ego eimi) is the divine Name of God; its use indicates a theophany, or revelation of God himself. The use of this Name by a mere man was considered blasphemy and was punishable by death (Leviticus 24:16, see John 8:58). However, because Jesus is fully God, His use of this Name cannot be blasphemy, but reveals His unity with the Father and the Holy Spirit. Only in Mark’s account is Christ’s answer so direct. To sit at the right hand of the Power means to share authority with the Father. This statement was clearly understood by the high priest to be a claim of equality with God (Verse. 64).’

Additional sources:
The Fount of Knowledge by Saint John of Damascus:
https://gotiskakyrkan.weebly.com/uploads/1/2/9/5/12957650/thefountofknowledge.pdf

On Exodus:
https://orthodoxwiki.org/Exodus

On Moses:
https://orthodoxwiki.org/Moses

Amen.

To the Reader:
Have a Blessed day and may God Bless you and your Family.
Jonah.

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